Etymology
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Roman

noun and adjective, Old English, "of or pertaining to ancient Rome; an inhabitant or native of ancient Rome," from Latin Romanus "of Rome, Roman," from Roma "Rome" (see Rome). The adjective is c. 1300, from Old French Romain. The Old English adjective was romanisc, which yielded Middle English Romanisshe.

In reference to a type of numeral (usually contrasted to Arabic) it is attested from 1728; as a type of lettering (based on the upright style typical of Roman inscriptions, contrasted to Gothic, or black letter, and italic) it is recorded from 1510s. The Roman nose, having a prominent upper part, is so called by 1620s. The Roman candle as a type of fireworks is recorded from 1834. Roman Catholic is attested from c. 1600, a conciliatory formation from the time of the Spanish Match, replacing Romanist, Romish which by that time had the taint of insult in Protestant England.

roman (n.)

"a novel," 1765, from French roman, from Old French romanz (see romance (n.)). Roman à clef, novel in which characters represent real persons, literally "novel with a key" (French), is attested in English by 1893. And, in the days when a tec was popular reading, roman policier "a story of police detection" (1928).

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Definitions of Roman
1
roman (n.)
a typeface used in ancient Roman inscriptions;
Synonyms: roman type / roman letters / roman print
2
Roman (adj.)
relating to or characteristic of people of Rome;
Roman (adj.)
of or relating to or derived from Rome (especially ancient Rome);
Synonyms: Romanic
Roman (adj.)
characteristic of the modern type that most directly represents the type used in ancient Roman inscriptions;
Roman (adj.)
of or relating to or supporting Romanism;
Synonyms: R.C. / Romanist / romish / Roman Catholic / popish / papist / papistic / papistical
3
Roman (n.)
a resident of modern Rome;
Roman (n.)
an inhabitant of the ancient Roman Empire;
From wordnet.princeton.edu