Etymology
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Pre-Raphaelite (n., adj.)

by 1849 in reference to the "brotherhood" (founded 1847) of Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais, and others (seven in all) who, encouraged by Ruskin, sought to revive the naturalistic spirit of art in the age before Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520).

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Definitions of Pre-Raphaelite
1
Pre-Raphaelite (n.)
a painter or writer dedicated to restoring early Renaissance ideals;
2
Pre-Raphaelite (adj.)
of or relating to or characteristic of the Pre-Raphaelites;
From wordnet.princeton.edu