Etymology
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Louisiana

French colony, from 1812 a U.S. state, named 1682 by French explorer la Salle for Louis XIV of France. The name originally applied to the entire Mississippi basin. Related: Louisianian. The Louisiana Purchase, accomplished in 1803, was so called by 1806.

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Definitions of Louisiana

Louisiana (n.)
a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War;
Synonyms: Pelican State / la / La.
From wordnet.princeton.edu