Etymology
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Israel

Old English Israel, "the Jewish people, the Hebrew nation," from Latin Israel, from Greek, from Hebrew yisra'el "he that striveth with God" (Genesis xxxii.28), symbolic proper name conferred on Jacob and extended to his descendants, from sara "he fought, contended" + El "God." As the name of an independent Jewish state in the Middle East, it is attested from 1948. Compare Israeli, Israelite.

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Definitions of Israel

Israel (n.)
Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine;
Synonyms: State of Israel / Yisrael / Zion / Sion
Israel (n.)
an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC;
From wordnet.princeton.edu