Etymology
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guinea (n.)

former British coin, 1660s, from Guinea, because the coins were first minted for British trade with Guinea (but soon in domestic use) and with gold from Africa. The original guinea was in use from 1663 to 1813.

Guinea

region along the west coast of Africa, presumably from an African word (perhaps Tuareg aginaw "black people"). As a derogatory term for "an Italian" (1896) it is from Guinea Negro (1740s) "black person, person of mixed ancestry;" applied to Italians probably because of their dark complexions relative to northern Europeans, and after 1911 it was occasionally applied to Hispanics and Pacific Islanders as well. New Guinea was so named 1546 by Spanish explorer Inigo Ortiz de Retes in reference to the natives' dark skin and tightly curled hair. The Guinea hen (1570s) is a domestic fowl imported from there. Related: Guinean.

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Definitions of guinea
1
guinea (n.)
a former British gold coin worth 21 shillings;
guinea (n.)
a west African bird having dark plumage mottled with white; native to Africa but raised for food in many parts of the world;
Synonyms: guinea fowl / Numida meleagris
2
Guinea (n.)
(ethnic slur) offensive term for a person of Italian descent;
Synonyms: wop / dago / ginzo / greaseball
Guinea (n.)
a republic in western Africa on the Atlantic; formerly a French colony; achieved independence from France in 1958;
Synonyms: Republic of Guinea / French Guinea
From wordnet.princeton.edu