Graves' disease

"exophthalmic goiter," 1862, named for Irish physician Robert James Graves (1796-1853), who first recognized the disease in 1835. The surname probably is from Old Norse greifi "steward," corresponding to Old English gerefa (see reeve).

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Definitions of Graves' disease from WordNet

Graves' disease (n.)
exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs;
Synonyms: exophthalmic goiter