Etymology
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E. coli (n.)

bacteria inhabiting the gut of man and animals, by 1921, short for Escherichia coli (1911), named for German physician Theodor Escherich (1857-1911) with Latin genitive of colon "colon" (see colon (n.2)).

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Definitions of E. coli

E. coli (n.)
a species of bacterium normally present in intestinal tract of humans and other animals; sometimes pathogenic; can be a threat to food safety;
Synonyms: Escherichia coli
From wordnet.princeton.edu