Etymology
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divine (adj.)

late 14c., "pertaining to, of the nature of, or proceeding from God or a god; addressed to God," from Old French divin, devin (12c.), from Latin divinus "of a god," from divus "of or belonging to a god, inspired, prophetic," related to deus "god, deity" (from PIE root *dyeu- "to shine," in derivatives "sky, heaven, god").

Weakened sense of "excellent in the highest degree, heavenly" had evolved by late 15c. The phrase divine right, indicating one conferred by or based on ordinance of God, is from c. 1600.

divine (v.)

late 14c., divinen, "learn or make out by or as if by divination, foretell" future events (trans.), also intransitive, "use or practice divination;" from Old French deviner, from Vulgar Latin *devinare, a dissimilation of Latin divinare "foresee, foretell, predict," from divinus "of a god," from divus "of or belonging to a god, inspired, prophetic," which is related to deus "god, deity" (from PIE root *dyeu- "to shine," in derivatives "sky, heaven, god").

Latin divinus also meant, as a noun, "soothsayer." English divine (v.) is also attested from late 14c. in the sense of "make out by observations or otherwise; make a guess or conjecture" without reference to supernatural insight. The earliest English sense is "to contrive, plot" (mid-14c.). Related: Divined; divining. Divining rod (or wand) is attested from 1650s.

divine (n.)

c. 1300, "soothsayer, sorcerer, astrologer," from Old French devin "soothsayer; theologian" and directly from Latin divinus, "soothsayer, augur," noun use of an adjective meaning "of or belonging to a god," from divus "of or belonging to a god, inspired, prophetic," related to deus "god, deity" (from PIE root *dyeu- "to shine," in derivatives "sky, heaven, god").

Meaning "ecclesiastic, theologian, man skilled in divinity" is from late 14c. Sense of "divine nature, divineness" is from late 14c.

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Definitions of divine
1
divine (adj.)
emanating from God; "everything is black or white...satanic or godly"-Saturday Review;
divine guidance
divine judgment
Synonyms: godly
divine (adj.)
resulting from divine providence;
Synonyms: providential
divine (adj.)
being or having the nature of a god; "the custom of killing the divine king upon any serious failure of his...powers"-J.G.Frazier; "'Tis wise to learn; 'tis God-like to create"-J.G.Saxe;
the divine will
the divine capacity for love
Synonyms: godlike
divine (adj.)
devoted to or in the service or worship of a deity;
divine liturgy
divine worship
divine (adj.)
appropriate to or befitting a god; "man must play God for he has acquired certain godlike powers"-R.H.Roveref;
the divine strength of Achilles
Synonyms: godlike
divine (adj.)
being of such surpassing excellence as to suggest inspiration by the gods;
her pies were simply divine
the divine Shakespeare
Synonyms: elysian / inspired
2
divine (v.)
perceive intuitively or through some inexplicable perceptive powers;
divine (v.)
search by divining, as if with a rod;
He claimed he could divine underground water
3
divine (n.)
a clergyman or other person in religious orders;
4
Divine (n.)
terms referring to the Judeo-Christian God;
Synonyms: Godhead / Lord / Creator / Maker / God Almighty / Almighty / Jehovah
From wordnet.princeton.edu