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declaration (n.)

late 14c., declaracioun, "an explanation, a statement, action of stating clearly," from Old French declaration and directly from Latin declarationem (nominative declaratio) "a making clear or evident, a disclosure, exposition," noun of action from past-participle stem of declarare "make clear, reveal, disclose, announce," from de-, here perhaps an intensive prefix (see de-) + clarare "clarify," from clarus "clear" (see clear (adj.)).

The meaning "proclamation, formal public statement" is from c. 1400; that of "document by which an announcement or assertion is formally made" is from 1650s, as in declaration of independence, which is is recorded from 1776 (the one issued in that year by the British American colonies seems to be the first so called; though the phrase is not in the document itself, it was titled that from the first in the press). Declaration of war is by 1762.

Origin and meaning of declaration

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Definitions of declaration from WordNet

declaration (n.)
a statement that is emphatic and explicit (spoken or written);
declaration (n.)
(law) unsworn statement that can be admitted in evidence in a legal transaction;
his declaration of innocence
declaration (n.)
a statement of taxable goods or of dutiable properties;
declaration (n.)
(contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make;
Synonyms: contract
declaration (n.)
a formal public statement;
a declaration of independence
declaration (n.)
a formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote;
Synonyms: resolution / resolve
From wordnet.princeton.edu