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Czech (n.)

"member of the westernmost branch of the Slavic people," the native name for Bohemians (and including the Moravians), 1848, from Czech český "Bohemian, Czech," which is said to be from the name of an ancestral chief (who is mentioned in English by 1837). Room says "some" derive it from a source akin to Czech četa "army." Meaning "the Czech language" and use as an adjective both are also from 1848. Sometimes in early use, Tshekh, from French.

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Definitions of Czech from WordNet
1
Czech (n.)
a native of inhabitant of the Czech Republic;
Czech (n.)
a native or inhabitant of the former republic of Czechoslovakia;
Synonyms: Czechoslovakian / Czechoslovak
Czech (n.)
the Slavic language of Czechs;
2
Czech (adj.)
of or relating to Czechoslovakia or its people or their language;
Synonyms: Czechoslovakian
From wordnet.princeton.edu