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covenant (n.)

c. 1300, covenaunt, "mutual compact to do or not do something, a contract," from Old French covenant, convenant "agreement, pact, promise" (12c.), originally present participle of covenir "agree, meet," from Latin convenire "come together, unite; be suitable, agree," from com- "together" (see com-) + venire "to come," from a suffixed form of PIE root *gwa- "to go, come."

In law, "a promise made by deed" (late 14c.). Applied in Scripture to God's arrangements with man as a translation of Latin testamentum, Greek diatheke, both rendering Hebrew berith (though testament also is used for the same word in different places). Meaning "solemn agreement between members of a church" is from 1630s; specifically those of the Scottish Presbyterians in 1638 and 1643 (see covenanter).

covenant (v.)

"to enter into a formal agreement or contract," c. 1300, from covenant (n.). Related: Covenanted; covenanting. Also see covenanter.

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Definitions of covenant from WordNet
1
covenant (v.)
enter into a covenant;
covenant (v.)
enter into a covenant or formal agreement;
They covenanted with Judas for 30 pieces of silver
The nations covenanted to fight terrorism around the world
2
covenant (n.)
a signed written agreement between two or more parties (nations) to perform some action;
Synonyms: compact / concordat
covenant (n.)
(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return;
From wordnet.princeton.edu