Etymology
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Chinese (adj.)

"of or pertaining to China," 1570s, from China + -ese. As a noun from c. 1600. Chinee (n.) is a vulgar back-formation from this word on the mistaken notion that Chinese is a plural. As an adjective, Chinian, Chinish also were used 16c. Chinese fire-drill "chaotic situation of many people rushing around futilely" is attested by 1962, U.S. military slang, perhaps with roots in World War II U.S. Marine Corps slang. The game Chinese-checkers is attested from 1938. Chinese-lantern is from 1825.

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Definitions of Chinese
1
Chinese (n.)
any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system;
Chinese (n.)
a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China;
2
Chinese (adj.)
of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures;
Chinese (adj.)
of or relating to or characteristic of the island republic on Taiwan or its residents or their language;
Synonyms: Taiwanese / Formosan
From wordnet.princeton.edu