Etymology
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Words related to China

Sinologist (n.)
1814; see Sino- + -logy + -ist. Related: Sinology (1834).
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Chinaman (n.)

1711, "native of China," from China + man (n.). Also in 18c., "dealer in china wares" (1728). Chinaman's chance "very little chance at all" is from 1904 in a California context.

Chinatown (n.)

"region of a city where Chinese immigrants live," 1857, in a California context, from China + town. But from 1852 in a St. Helena context.

chine (adj.)

"in Chinese fashion," French chiné, past participle of chiner "to color in Chinese fashion," from Chine "China" (see China).

Chinese (adj.)

"of or pertaining to China," 1570s, from China + -ese. As a noun from c. 1600. Chinee (n.) is a vulgar back-formation from this word on the mistaken notion that Chinese is a plural. As an adjective, Chinian, Chinish also were used 16c. Chinese fire-drill "chaotic situation of many people rushing around futilely" is attested by 1962, U.S. military slang, perhaps with roots in World War II U.S. Marine Corps slang. The game Chinese-checkers is attested from 1938. Chinese-lantern is from 1825.

Chink (n.2)

"a Chinese person," 1901, derogatory, perhaps derived somehow from China, or else from chink (n.1) with reference to eye shape.

Chino- 

word-forming element meaning "Chinese, of China and," from China.

Indo-China 
also Indochina, "Farther India, the region between India and China," 1815, from Indo- "India" + China. The name was said to have been proposed by Scottish poet and orientalist John Leyden, who lived and worked in India from 1803 till his death at 35 in 1811. French Indo-Chine is attested from 1813, but the source credits it to Leyden. The inappropriateness of the name was noticed from the start. Related: Indo-Chinese (1814).
Sino- 

before vowels Sin-, word-forming element meaning "Chinese," 1879, from Late Latin Sinæ (plural) "the Chinese," from Ptolemaic Greek Sinai, from Arabic Sin "China," probably from Chinese Ch'in, name of the fourth dynasty of China (see China).