Etymology
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China (n.)

Asian country name, 1550s (earliest European usage is in Italian, by Marco Polo),  of uncertain origin, probably ultimately from Sanskrit Cina-s "the Chinese," perhaps from Qin dynasty, which ruled 3c. B.C.E. Latinized as Sina, hence Sinologist. The Chinese word for the country is Chung-kuo (Wade-Giles), Zhongguo (Pinyin).

china (n.)

"porcelain imported from China," 1650s, short for China-ware(1630s), China dishes (1570s), etc.; from the country name (see China). Used of porcelain and porcelain-ware generally. China-shop is attested from 1750.

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Definitions of China
1
china (n.)
high quality porcelain originally made only in China;
china (n.)
dishware made of high quality porcelain;
Synonyms: chinaware
2
China (n.)
a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world;
Synonyms: People's Republic of China / mainland China / Communist China / Red China / prc / Cathay
From wordnet.princeton.edu