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Cathay (n.)

1560s, poetic name for "China," from Medieval Latin Cataya, from Turkish Khitai, from Uighur (Turkic) Khitai, name of a Tatar dynasty that ruled Beijing 936-1122.

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Definitions of Cathay from WordNet

Cathay (n.)
a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world;
Synonyms: China / People's Republic of China / mainland China / Communist China / Red China / prc
From wordnet.princeton.edu