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basic (adj.)

"relating to a base," 1832, originally in chemistry, from base (n.) + -ic.

BASIC

computer language, 1964, initialism (acronym) for Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code; invented by Hungarian-born U.S. computer scientist John G. Kemeny and U.S. computer scientist Thomas E. Kurtz.

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Definitions of basic from WordNet
1
basic (adj.)
pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;
the basic ingredients
a basic fact
basic changes in public opinion occur because of changes in priorities
basic (adj.)
reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;
a basic story line
Synonyms: canonic / canonical
basic (adj.)
serving as a base or starting point;
a basic course in Russian
a set of basic tools
basic training for raw recruits
Synonyms: introductory
basic (adj.)
of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base;
2
basic (n.)
a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use;
basic (n.)
(usually in the plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;
Synonyms: staple
From wordnet.princeton.edu