also Anam, old alternative name for Vietnam, literally "pacified south," the name given to Nam Viet by the Chinese after they conquered it 111 B.C.E. From Chinese an "peace" + nan "south." It was discarded upon restoration of Viet independence in 939 C.E., but the name stuck in Western geographies and was reapplied to the region c. 1790 by the French. Related: Annamese.

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Definitions of Annam from WordNet

Annam (n.)
a communist state in Indochina on the South China Sea; achieved independence from France in 1945;
Synonyms: Vietnam / Socialist Republic of Vietnam / Viet Nam