masc. proper name, from Latin Adrianus, properly Hadrianus, literally "of the Adriatic" (see Adriatic). A name taken by several popes, including the only English pontiff, Nicholas Brakespear (died 1159). The fem. proper name Adrienne, etc., when not a fem. form of this, is a transposition of Ariadne. Adriane is the usual form of Ariadne in Chaucer ("House of Fame," etc.).