Etymology
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Words related to -ment

disfigurement (n.)

"act or state of being disfigured," 1630s, from disfigure + -ment. The Middle English noun was simply disfigure.

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disillusionment (n.)

"process of disillusioning; state of being free from illusion," 1855, from disillusion + -ment.

dismemberment (n.)

"act of dismembering, state of being dismembered," 1751, from dismember + -ment. Earlier noun was dismembration (1590s), also dismembering (late 14c.).

disownment (n.)

1806, in the language of the Society of Friends; see disown + -ment.

displacement (n.)

1610s, "removal from office;" see displace + -ment. As "quantity of a liquid displaced by a solid body put into it," 1809. Physics sense "amount by which anything is displaced" is from 1837.

divorcement (n.)

1520s, "act or process of divorcing," from divorce (v.) + -ment. General sense of "severance of a close relation" is from 1550s.

effacement (n.)

1743, from French effacement; see efface + -ment.

elopement (n.)

"a running away, an escape, private or unlicensed departure from the place or station to which one is bound by duty or law," especially "the running away of a woman, married or unmarried, with a lover," 1540s, from elope + -ment. (The word was in Anglo-French in 14c. as alopement).

embankment (n.)

"a mound, bank, dike, or earthwork raised for any purpose," 1766, from embank "to enclose with a bank" (1570s; see em- (1) + bank (n.2)) + -ment.

embarrassment (n.)

1670s, "state of being impeded, obstructed, or entangled" (of affairs, etc.), from embarrass + -ment, or from French embarrassement, from embarrasser.

As "a mental state of unease," from 1774. Meaning "thing which embarrasses" is from 1729. Earlier words expressing much the same idea include baishment "embarrassment, confusion" (late 14c.); baishednesse (mid-15c.).

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