Etymology
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Words related to -ment

casement (n.)

type of hinged sash-window that swings open like doors, early 15c., originally "hollow molding, frame for glass," probably a shortening of Old French dialectal enchassement "window frame" (Modern French enchâssement), from en- "in," prefix forming verbs, + casse "case, frame" (see case (n.2)) + -ment. Or possibly from Anglo-Latin cassementum, from casse. The "window" sense is from 1550s in English. Old folk etymology tended to make it gazement.

The Irish surname is originally Mc Casmonde (attested from 1429), from a misdivision of Mac Asmundr, from Irish mac "son of" + Old Norse Asmundr "god protector."

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catchment (n.)

"drainage," 1844, from catch (v.) + -ment. A technical word in hydraulic engineering.

chastisement (n.)

"pain and suffering inflicted for punishment and correction," c. 1300, from chastise + -ment.

commitment (n.)

1610s, "action of officially consigning to the custody of the state," from commit + -ment. (Anglo-French had commettement.) Meaning "the pledging or engaging of oneself, a pledge, a promise" is attested from 1793; hence, "an obligation, an engagement" (1864).

conferment (n.)

"a granting, a confirmation," early 14c.; see confer + -ment.

consignment (n.)

1560s, "act of sealing with a sign," from consign + -ment. (Earlier in this sense was consignation, 1530s, from Medieval Latin consignatio). Meaning "delivering over" is from 1660s; especially of goods, for the sake of sale or auction, from c. 1700. Meaning "quantity of goods so assigned" is recorded from 1720s.

containment (n.)

1650s, "action or fact of containing," from contain + -ment. As the word for an international policy of the West against the Soviet Union, it is recorded from 1947, associated with U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, who in a "Foreign Affairs" article that year advising a policy of "a long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies."

defacement (n.)

"act or fact of defacing," 1560s, from deface + -ment.

deferment (n.)

1610s, "a putting off, postponement," from defer (v.1) + -ment. As "conditional exemption from a military draft," by 1918, American English.

defilement (n.)

1570s, "that which defiles," from defile (v.) + -ment. From 1630s as "act of making foul; state of being unclean."

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