Etymology
Advertisement

Words related to -ive

reflective (adj.)

1620s, "throwing back rays or images, giving reflections of objects, reflecting," from reflect + -ive. From 1670s as "of or pertaining to (mental) reflection, taking cognizance of the operations of the mind." By 1820 as "having a tendency to or characterized by (mental) reflection, meditative, thoughtful." Related: Reflectively; reflectiveness.

Advertisement
refractive (adj.)

"of or pertaining to refraction; serving or having the power to refract," 1670s, from Late Latin refractivus, or from refract + -ive.

regressive (adj.)

1630s, "passing back, returning, acting in a backward direction;" see regress + -ive. Opposed to progressive. In reference to taxation that weighs proportionately heavier on those with lower incomes, it is attested by 1888. Related: Regressively; regressiveness; regressivity.

remunerative (adj.)

1620s, "inclined to remunerate" (a sense now obsolete), from remunerate + -ive. From 1670s as "that remunerates, rewarding;" by 1859 specifically as "profitable, yielding a sufficient return." Related: Remuneratively; remunerativeness. An earlier adjective was remuneratory (1580s).

reparative (adj.)

"capable of effecting or tending to effect repairs," 1650s, with -ive + stem of Latin reparare "restore, repair" (see repair (v.1)). The meaning "pertaining to reparations, pertaining to the remedying of some wrong" is from 1690s.

repetitive (adj.)

"containing repetitions, characterized by or of the nature of repetition," 1805, from Latin repetit-, past-participle stem of repetere "do or say again" (see repeat (v.)) + -ive. Related: Repetitively; repetitiveness. Other adjectives, in addition to repetitious (1670s) included repetitionary (1720), repetitional (1720).

repetitional, repetitionary, repetitious, repetitive. With all these on record, repetition would seem to have a good stock of adjectives at need ; but few writers have the hardihood to use any of them. Repetitious is said to be 'common in recent American use' ; repetitive is perhaps the least avoided in England. [Fowler, 1926]
reprehensive (adj.)

"containing reproof; of the nature of reproof," 1580s, from Latin stem of reprehend + -ive; perhaps formed on the model of comprehensive. OED says rival adjective reprehensory (1580s) is "Now rare."

reproductive (adj.)

"of the nature of, employed in, or pertaining to reproduction," 1753; see reproduce + -ive. Related: Reproductively; reproductiveness. Reproductive organ is by 1816; reproductive system "organs involved in producing offspring" by 1822. In U.S., reproductive rights is attested from 1970.

retributive (adj.)

"making or bringing requital, retaliative, characterized by retribution," 1670s, from retribute + -ive. Related: Retributively.

retrogressive (adj.)

"tending to move backward," 1785, from Latin retrogress-, past-participle stem of retrogradi "move backward, go backward" (see retrograde) + -ive. Especially "declining in strength or excellence." Related: Retrogressively.

Page 14