Etymology
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Words related to -ive

predicative (adj.)

"affirming, asserting, expressing affirmation," 1846; see predicate (n.) + -ive.

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pre-emptive (adj.)

also preemptive, 1806, "pertaining to or of the nature of pre-emption;" from pre-emption + -ive. Specifically of an attack on an enemy who is plotting or has set in motion his own imminent attack, 1958, a term from the Cold War. Related: Pre-emptively; preemptively.

preventive (adj.)

"serving to prevent or hinder; guarding against or warding off," 1630s, from Latin praevent-, past-participle stem of praevenire "come or go before, anticipate" (see prevent), + -ive. As a noun, "something taken or done beforehand," from 1630s; in medical use from 1670s. Related: Preventively; preventiveness.

procreative (adj.)

"having the power or function of begetting," 1630s; see procreate + -ive. Related: Procreativeness.

profusive (adj.)

"characterized by or given to profusion," 1630s, from profuse + -ive. Related: Profusively; profusiveness.

progressive (adj.)

c. 1600, "characterized by advancement, going forward, moving onward" (in action, character, etc.), from progress (n.) + -ive, or else from French progressif, from past participle stem of Latin progredi. Specifically of taxation, from 1889. From the notion of "using one's efforts toward advancement or improvement" comes the meaning "characterized by striving for change and innovation, avant-garde, liberal" (in arts, etc.), from 1908; of jazz, from 1947.

In the socio-political sense "favoring reform; radically liberal" it emerged in various British contexts from the 1880s; in the U.S. it was given to a movement active in the 1890s and a generation thereafter, the name being taken again from time to time, most recently by some more liberal Democrats and other social activists, by c. 2000.

The noun in the sense "one who favors, promotes, or commends social and political change in the name of progress" is attested by 1865 (originally in Christianity). Earlier in a like sense were progressionist (1849, adjective; 1884, noun), progressist (1848). Related: Progressively; progressiveness.

proliferative (adj.)

"reproductive, budding or sprouting into new similar forms," 1868, from proliferate + -ive.

propulsive (adj.)

1640s, "having the power or tendency to drive off or away," a sense now obsolete, from propuls-, past-participle stem of Latin propellere "to propel" (see propel) + -ive. The meaning "tending or having power to drive onward or forward" is from 1758.

proscriptive (adj.)

"pertaining to or consisting in proscription," 1757, from Latin proscript-, past-participle stem of proscribere (see proscribe) + -ive. Related: Proscriptively.

protective (adj.)

"affording protection, sheltering, defensive," 1660s, from protect + -ive. As a noun from 1875. Related: Protectively; protectiveness. Protective custody is from 1936, translating German Schutzhaft, used cynically by the Nazis. The notion is "adopted or intended to afford protection."

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