Etymology
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Words related to -ine

routine (n.)

"customary course of action; more or less mechanical performance of certain acts or duties," 1670s, from French routine "usual course of action, beaten path" (16c.), from route "way, path, course" (see route (n.)) + noun suffix -ine (see -ine (1)). The theatrical or athletic performance sense of "carefully rehearsed sequence of actions" is by 1926. The adjective, "of a mechanical or unvaried character, habitually done in the same way" is attested by 1817, from the noun. Related: Routinely.

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saltine (n.)

"salted flat cracker," 1907, short for saltine cracker (1894), from salt (n.) + -ine (1).

sateen (n.)

"fabric having a glossy surface resembling satin," 1835, a variant of satin (q.v.), perhaps influenced by velveteen, where the ending is a variant of -ine (1).

saturnine (adj.)

"gloomy, morose, sluggish, grave, not readily made excited or cheerful," mid-15c., literally "born under the influence of the planet Saturn," from Middle English Saturne (see Saturn) + -ine (1). Old medicine believed these characteristics to be caused or influenced by the astrological influence of the planet Saturn, which was the most remote from the Sun (in the knowledge of the times) and thus coldest and slowest in its revolution. Saturn also was associated alchemically with lead.

serpentine (adj.)

"twisting, winding about, resembling the motion of a serpent," 1610s; see serpent + -ine (1). An earlier adjective meaning "having the evil qualities of a serpent" (subtle, cunning, treacherous) is recorded from late 14c., from Old French serpentin (see serpentine (n.)). The meaning "of, pertaining to, or resembling a serpent" is from c. 1500. The winding lake of that name in Hyde Park, London, was constructed in 1730.

taurine (adj.)

1610s, from Latin taurus (see Taurus) + -ine (1). In reference to a period in history, it means the time when the sun was in Taurus at the vernal equinox (roughly 4500-1900 B.C.E.).

taxine (adj.)

1888, from Latin taxus "yew tree," probably from a Scythian word, + -ine (1).

Vaseline (n.)

1872, trademark for an ointment made from petroleum and marketed by Chesebrough Manufacturing Co., coined from German Wasser "water" + Greek elaion "oil" + scientific-sounded ending -ine. Robert A. Chesebrough was of the opinion that petroleum was a product of the underground decomposition of water.

The name is of mixed origin, being derived from Wasser, water, and elaion [Greek in the original], oil (water-oil), and indicates the belief of the discoverer that petroleum, the mother of Vaseline, is produced by the agency of heat and pressure from the carbon of certain rocks, and the hydrogen of water. [The Monthly Review of Dental Surgery, February 1877]
velveteen (n.)

imitation velvet (made with cotton in place of silk), 1776, from velvet + commercial suffix -een (variant of -ine).

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