Words related to -hood

motherhood (n.)

"state or fact of being a mother," 1590s, from mother (n.1) + -hood. Earlier was moderhede "motherhead" (mid-14c.).

nationhood (n.)

"state of being a nation," 1840, from nation + -hood.

neighborhood (n.)

mid-15c., "neighborly conduct, mutual friendliness," from neighbor (n.) + -hood. Modern sense of "community of people who live close together" is recorded by 1620s. Phrase in the neighborhood of meaning "near, somewhere about" is by 1857, American English. The Old English word for "neighborhood" was neahdæl. Middle English had neighborship (early 14c.), "neighborliness; neighborly acts," later "state of being neighbors."

parenthood (n.)

"state of being a parent; position of a parent," 1856, from parent (n.) + -hood.

personhood (n.)

"quality or condition of being an individual person," 1878, from person + -hood.

priesthood (n.)

"office or character of a priest; priests collectively," Middle English prēsthede, from Old English preosthad; see priest + -hood.

queenhood (n.)

"state or rank of being a queen," 1850, from queen + -hood. Queendom is from c. 1600 as "country ruled by a queen," 1650s as "state or rank of being a queen."


word-forming element meaning "condition or state of," Middle English, from Old English -rede, from ræden "condition, rule, reckoning," a suffixed form of ræd "to advise, rule" (see rede). Common in Old English, less so in Middle English but still active in word-formation. It is analogous to -hood, which has replaced it in brotherhood, neighborhood, etc.; it survives in about 25 words. 

sainthood (n.)

"state or condition of being a saint," 1540s, from saint (n.) + -hood. Saintship is attested from c. 1600; saintdom from 1842 (Tennyson).

sisterhood (n.)
"state of being a sister," late 14c., from sister + -hood. Meaning "a society of sisters" (usually a religious order) is from 1590s; sense of "women having some common characteristic or calling" is from c. 1600.

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