Etymology
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Words related to -ess

actress (n.)
1580s, "female who does something;" see actor + -ess; stage sense is from 1700. Sometimes French actrice was used. Related: Actressy.
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adulteress (n.)
also adultress, an early 17c. substitution for earlier avoutresse (late 14c.), agent noun in fem. form from obsolete verb adulter "commit adultery" (see adulterer), with fem. ending -ess.
anchoress (n.)
"female recluse, nun," late 14c.; see anchorite + -ess.
authoress (n.)
late 15c., from author (n.) + -ess.
demoness (n.)

"female demon," 1630s; see demon + -ess.

Druidess (n.)

"female Druid; Druidic prophetess or priestess," 1755, from Druid + -ess. Formerly, Druid had been used indifferently of both sexes.

enchantress (n.)
late 14c., "witch," from enchanter + -ess. Meaning "charming woman" is from 1713.
giantess (n.)
late 14c., from giant + -ess.
goddess (n.)
mid-14c., female deity in a polytheistic religion, from god + fem. suffix -esse (see -ess). The Old English word was gyden, corresponding to Dutch godin, German Göttin, Danish gudine, Swedish gudinna. Of mortal women by 1570s. Related: Goddesshood.
governess (n.)
mid-15c., "female ruler," shortening of governouresse "a woman who rules" (late 14c.), from Old French governeresse "female ruler or administrator" (see governor + -ess). The Latin fem, form was gubernatrix. In the sense of "a female teacher in a private home" governess it is attested from 1712, probably as a fem. of governor in the now-obsolete sense "one who has charge of a young man's education and activities, a tutor" (1570s).