Etymology
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Words related to -en

heighten (v.)

mid-15c., heightenen, transitive, "to exalt, to honor or raise to high position," from height + -en (1). Intransitive sense of "to become higher" is from 1560s. Related: Heightened; heightening.

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lengthen (v.)

late 14c., "to make longer," also "to grow longer," from length + -en (1). Related: Lengthened; lengthening. Earlier verb was simply length (c. 1300).

lessen (v.)

"to become less," c. 1300, from less (adj.) + -en (1). Transitive sense "to make less" is from c. 1400. Related: Lessened; lessening.

lighten (v.1)

"to make less heavy, to lighten a load," mid-14c., lighten, lightnen, from light (adj.1) + -en (1). Figuratively "to make cheerful" from c. 1400. Intransitive sense "become less heavy" is from 1720. Related: Lightened; lightening.

lighten (v.2)

"shed light upon, illuminate, make light or bright," early 14c., from light (n.) + -en (1). Intransitive meaning "to become brighter" is late 14c.; of faces, expressions, etc., from 1795. Meaning "to flash lightning" is from mid-15c. Related: Lightened; lightening.

liken (v.)

late 13c., "to represent or describe as like, compare," from like (adj.) + -en (1). Related: Likened; likening.

loosen (v.)

late 14c., losnen (transitive) "make loose, free from tightness," later lousen (early 15c.), from loose (v.) + -en (1). Intransitive sense of "become loose" is from 1670s. Meaning "limber the muscles before physical effort" is from 1955. Related: Loosened; loosening; loosener.

madden (v.)

"to drive to distraction, make crazy" (transitive), 1822; earlier in intransitive sense "to be or become mad" (1735), from mad (adj.) + -en (1). Related: Maddened; maddening. The earlier verb was simply mad (14c.), from the adjective.

moisten (v.)

"make moist or damp," 1570s, from moist + -en (1). Related: Moistened; moistening. The earlier verb was simply moist (mid-14c.), from Old French moistir.

neaten (v.)

"to make spruce or tidy," 1843, from neat (adj.) + -en (1). Related: Neatened; neatening.

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