Etymology
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Words related to -ate

barbiturate (n.)

1928 (morphine barbiturate is from 1918), with chemical ending -ate (3) + barbituric (1865), from German barbitur in Barbitursäure "barbituric acid," coined 1863 by chemist Adolf von Baeyer. The reason for the name is unknown; some suggest it is from the woman's name Barbara, others that it is perhaps from Latin barbata, in Medieval Latin usnea barbata, literally "bearded moss." The second element is because it was obtained from uric acid. Related: Barbitol.

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chlorate (n.)

"salt of chloric acid," 1823; see chlorine + -ate (3)

citrate (n.)

"salt of citric acid," 1794, from French citrate; see citric + -ate (3).

glutamate (n.)

salt of glutamic acid, 1876, from glutamic acid (see gluten) + -ate (3).

-ite (2)

chemical salt suffix, from French -ite, alteration of -ate (see -ate (3)).

nitrate (n.)

"a salt formed of nitric acid and a base," 1794, from French nitrate (1787) or Modern Latin nitratum, or formed in English from nitre + -ate (3). Related: Nitrates.

phosphate (n.)

a salt of phosphoric acid, 1795, from French phosphate (1787), from phosphore (see phosphorus) + -ate (3). Related: Phosphatic.

silicate (n.)

"salt of a silicic acid," 1811, from silica + -ate (3).

stannate (n.)

1797, from Late Latin stannum "tin" (see stannic) + -ate (3).

sulfate (n.)

salt of sulfuric acid, 1790 (sulphat), from French sulphate (1787), from Modern Latin sulphatum acidum, from Latin sulpur, sulphur (see sulfur) + chemical ending -ate (3). The spelling with -ph- is standard in Britain.

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