Etymology
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type (n.)

late 15c., "symbol, emblem," from Latin typus "figure, image, form, kind," from Greek typos "a blow, dent, impression, mark, effect of a blow; figure in relief, image, statue; anything wrought of metal or stone; general form, character; outline, sketch," from root of typtein "to strike, beat," from PIE *tup-, variant of root *(s)teu- (1) "to push, stick, knock, beat" (see steep (adj.)).

Extended 1713 to printing blocks of metal or wood with letters or characters carved on their faces, usually in relief, adapted for use in letterpress printing. The meaning "general form or character of some kind, class" is attested in English by 1843, though the corresponding words had that sense in Latin and Greek. To be (someone's) type "be the sort of person that person is attracted to" is recorded from 1934.

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type (v.)
"to write with a typewriter," 1888; see type (n.). Earlier it meant "to symbolize, typify" (1836) and "to foreshadow" (1590s). Related: Typed; typing.
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type-setting (n.)
1824, from type (n.) in the printing sense + verbal noun from set (v.).
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typesetter (n.)
also type-setter, "compositor," 1800, from type (n.) in the printing sense + setter.
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typecast (v.)
also type-cast, with reference to actors, 1937 (implied in typecasting), from type (n.) in the "general character" sense (perhaps a deliberate pun on the verbal phrase in the printing sense "to found types in molds," attested from 1847). See type (n.) + cast (v.).
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electrotype (n.)
"copy in metal made by electric action," 1840, from electro- + type (n.).
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typist (n.)
1843, "compositor," from type (n.) + -ist. Meaning "person who operates a typewriter" is from 1884.
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idiotype (n.)
"object typical of a class," 1865; see idio- "distinct" + type (n.). Related: Idiotypic.
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retype (v.)

also re-type, 1898, "copy with a typewriter," from re- "again" + type (v.). Related: Retyped; retyping.

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typology (n.)
"doctrine of symbols," 1845, from Greek typos (see type (n.)) + -logy. Related: Typological; typologically.
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