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mock (v.)

mid-15c., mokken, "make fun of," also "to trick, delude, make a fool of; treat with scorn, treat derisively or contemptuously;" from Old French mocquer "deride, jeer," a word of unknown origin. Perhaps from Vulgar Latin *muccare "to blow the nose" (as a derisive gesture), from Latin mucus; or possibly from Middle Dutch mocken "to mumble" or Middle Low German mucken "grumble." Perhaps ultimately it is imitative of such speech. Related: Mocked; mocking. Replaced Old English bysmerian. The sense of "imitate, simulate, resemble closely" (1590s, as in mockingbird ; also see mock (adj.)) is from the notion of derisive imitation.

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mock (adj.)

prefixed to a noun, "feigned, counterfeit, spurious; having a close (but deceptive) resemblance," 1540s, from mock, verb and noun. Mock-heroic "counterfeiting or burlesquing the heroic style or character" is attested from 1711 (Addison), describing a satirical use of a serious form; mock-turtle "calf's head stewed or baked and dressed to resemble a turtle," is from 1758; as a kind of soup by 1783.

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mock (n.)

early 15c., mokke, "derisive action or speech;" late 15c. (Caxton) "that which one derides or mocks;" from mock (v.).

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mock-up (n.)

also mockup, "model, simulation" 1919, perhaps World War I, from the verbal phrase mock up "make an experimental model" (1911), from mock (v.) + up (adv.).

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mocking (adj.)

"that ridicules or mimics," 1520s, present-participle adjective from mock (v.). Related: Mockingly.

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mocker (n.)

"one who scorns or ridicules others," late 15c., mokker, agent noun from mock (v.).

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mockery (n.)

early 15c., mokkerie, "act of derision or scorn; ridicule, disparagement; a delusion, sham, pretense," from Old French mocquerie "sneering, mockery, sarcasm" (13c., Modern French moquerie), from moquer (see mock (v.)). From mid-15c. as "joking, making mischievous pleasantries." Mockage also was common 16c.-17c.

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mockingbird (n.)

also mocking-bird, passerine bird of the southerly parts of the U.S., noted for the song of the males and its skill in imitation, 1670s (mock-bird is from 1640s), from present-participle adjective of mock (v.) + bird (n.1).

[I]t is the most famous songster of America, and is much prized as a cage-bird. Its proper song is of remarkable compass and variety, and besides this the bird has a wonderful range, being able to imitate almost any voice or even mere noises. [Century Dictionary]
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parhelion (n.)

"mock-sun, an intensification of light on the solar halo," 1640s, from Greek parhelion "a mock-sun," from assimilated form of para- "beside" (see para- (1)) + hēlios "sun" (from PIE root *sawel- "the sun").

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sundog (n.)
"mock sun, parhelion," 1650s; the second element is of obscure origin.
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