Etymology
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misconstrue (v.)

late 14c., "interpret erroneously, to put a wrong construction on" (words or deeds), from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + construe. Related: Misconstrued; misconstruing.

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misconstruction (n.)

"act of misconstruing, wrong interpretation," 1510s, from mis- (1) "bad, wrong" + construction. Compare misconstrue.

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misquote (v.)

1590s, "misconstrue, misinterpret;" see mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + quote (v.). First recorded in Shakespeare.

Looke how we can, or sad or merrily, Interpretation will misquote our lookes. ["I Hen. IV," v.ii.13]

The more usual modern sense of "cite incorrectly" is by 1690s. Related: Misquoted; misquoting. As a noun, "an incorrect quotation," from 1855.

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