Etymology
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instead (adv.)
1590s, contraction of Middle English prepositional phrase ine stede (early 13c.; see stead), itself a loan-translation of Latin in loco (French en lieu de). Typically written as two words until mid-17c.
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step-ladder (n.)
also stepladder, one with flat steps instead of rungs, 1728, from step (n.) + ladder.
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antonomasia (n.)

rhetorical substitution of an epithet for a proper name (or vice versa; as in His Holiness for the name of a pope), 1580s, from Latin, from Greek antonomasia, from antonomazein "to name instead, call by a new name," from anti "instead" (see anti-) + onomazein "to name," from onoma "name" (from PIE root *no-men- "name"). Related: Antonomastic.

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self-service (adj.)

"in which the customer serves himself instead of being waited on," by 1914, in reference to shoe stores, from self- + service (n.1).

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approval (n.)
"commendation, sanction," 1680s, from approve + -al (2). According to OED, "Rare bef. 1800; now generally used instead of" approvance (1590s, from French aprovance).
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sea-urchin (n.)

1590s; see sea + urchin. A 19c. Newfoundland name for them was whore's eggs); Johnson describes it as "a kind of crabfish that has prickles instead of feet." 

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Aquarian (adj.)
"pertaining to the zodiacal sign of Aquarius," 1940 in reference to the astrological Age of Aquarius (see Aquarius + -ian). Earlier, "one who uses water instead of wine at the Eucharist" (1580s).
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clock-radio (n.)

"combined bedside radio and alarm clock which can be set to turn on the radio instead of sounding the alarm," 1946, from clock (n.1) + radio (n.).

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aquatint (n.)
also aqua-tint, 1782, "engraving made with aqua fortis," from Italian acquatinta, from Latin aqua tincta "dyed water;" see aqua- + tinct. The spaces are bitten, instead of the lines as in etching.
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policlinic (n.)

1827, originally, "clinic held in a private house" (instead of a hospital), from German Poliklinik, from Greek polis "city" (see polis) + Klinik, from French clinique (see clinic). Later "a clinic in a city not attached to a hospital."

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