Etymology
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Akita 

type of dog, named for a prefecture in northern Japan. The place name is said to mean literally "field of ripe rice," from aki "autumn, fall" + ta "field of rice."

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Aceldama 

late 14c., name of the potter's field near Jerusalem that was purchased with the money Judas Iscariot took to betray Jesus, literally "place of bloodshed," from Greek Akeldama, rendering an Aramaic (Semitic) name akin to Syriac haqal dema "the field of blood." So called for being purchased with the blood-money.

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Honoria 

fem. proper name, from Latin Honoria, fem. of Honorius "man of reputation," from honos (see honor (n.)).

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Newton (n.)

unit of force, 1904, named in honor of Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727). Related: Newtonian.

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MiG 

in names of Russian fighter planes, so called in honor of aircraft designers Mikoyan and (Russian i) Gurevitch.

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Mach 

measure of speed relative to the speed of sound (technically Mach number), 1937, named in honor of Austrian physicist Ernst Mach (1838-1916).

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Sacramento 

California city, settled 1839, named for its river (1808), from Spanish sacramento, in honor of the Holy Sacrament (see sacrament).

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Sten (n.)

type of light, rapid-fire submachine gun, 1942, from initials of surnames of designers R.V. Shepherd and H.J. Turpin + En(field); compare Bren.

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New Orleans 

founded 1718 as Nouvelle Orléans, in honor of French regent Philippe, duc d'Orléans (1674–1723). The name was Englished after the place was purchased by the U.S. in 1803.

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Seychelles 

renamed 1756 in honor of French finance minister Jean Moreau de Séchelles; the spelling was altered by the English when they took the islands from France in 1794. Related: Seychellois.

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