Etymology
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examination (n.)

late 14c., "action of testing or judging; judicial inquiry," from Old French examinacion, from Latin examinationem (nominative examinatio), noun of action from past-participle stem of examinare "to weigh; to ponder, consider" (see examine). Sense of "test of knowledge" is attested from 1610s.

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self-examination (n.)

1640s, "scrutiny into one's own state, conduct, or motives," from self- + examination. By 1955 as "examination of one's own body for signs of illness."

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exam (n.)
college student slang shortened form of examination, 1848.
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re-examine (v.)

also reexamine, "examine again, subject to another examination," 1590s, from re- + examine. Related: Re-examined; re-examining; re-examination.

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audit (n.)
early 15c., "official examination of accounts," from Latin auditus "a hearing, a listening," past participle of audire "to hear" (from PIE root *au- "to perceive"). Official examination of accounts originally was an oral procedure. Also formerly used in a sense "official audience, judicial hearing or examination" (1590s).
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radioscopy (n.)

"examination by means of x-rays," 1896, from radio- + -scopy.

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overhaul (n.)

"an examination, inspection, repair," 1788, in nautical slang, from overhaul (v.).

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reconnaissance (n.)

"preliminary examination or survey," specifically "an examination of a territory or enemy position with a view to directing military operations," 1810, a word from the Napoleonic Wars, from French reconnaissance "act of surveying," literally "recognition," from Old French reconoissance "recognition, acknowledgement" (see recognizance).

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physical (n.)

short for physical examination, by 1934, from physical (adj.).

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perusal (n.)

"careful examination, scrutiny; the act of reading through or over," c. 1600, from peruse + -al (2).

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