Etymology
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distribution (n.)

mid-14c., distribucioun, "act of dividing or parceling out," from Old French distribution (13c.) and directly from Latin distributionem (nominative distributio) "a division, distribution," noun of action from past-participle stem of distribuere "to divide, deal out in portions," from dis- "individually" (see dis-) + tribuere "to pay, assign, grant," also "allot among the tribes or to a tribe," from tribus (see tribe).

Meaning "that which is distributed or apportioned" is from late 14c. Sense of "act of spreading out as over a surface" is from 1580s. Related: Distributional (1804).

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maldistribution (n.)

also mal-distribution, "faulty distribution," 1824, from mal- + distribution.

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redistribution (n.)

also re-distribution, "a dealing back, a second or new distribution," 1831, from French redistribution; see re- + distribution.

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bootlegging (n.)

"illegal manufacture, distribution, or sale of goods," also boot-legging, 1890, from bootleg (q.v.).

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equipoise (n.)

"an equal distribution of weight," 1650s, a contraction of the phrase equal poise (1550s); see equal (adj.) + poise (n.).

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nervation (n.)

"arrangement or distribution of nerves," especially in the blades of leaves, 1849; see nerve (n.) + -ation.

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biogeography (n.)

also bio-geography, "science of the distribution of living things in different regions," 1892, from bio- + geography. Related: Biogeographical.

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apportionment (n.)

"a dividing into portions or shares," 1620s, from apportion + -ment. Perhaps influenced by French apportionnement. In U.S. especially of distribution of seats in the House of Representatives.

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repartition (n.)

1550s, "partition, distribution," especially of troops or their quarters, from re-, here perhaps intensive, + partition (n.). From 1835 as "a repeated or fresh allotment."

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neuralgia (n.)

"pain corresponding to the distribution of a nerve," 1807, from Greek neuron "nerve" (see neuro-) + -algia "pain." Probably formed on model of French névralgie (1801). Related: Neuralgic.

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