Etymology
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distinguished (adj.)

c. 1600, "separate, separated from others that are similar or contiguous" (a sense now obsolete), past-participle adjective from distinguish. Sense of "better known than others in the same class, separated from the generality by superior abilities, character or achievement," hence "famous, celebrated," is by 1714; meaning "having an air of distinction" is from 1748.

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undistinguished (adj.)
1590s, "not kept distinct," from un- (1) "not" + distinguished. Meaning "not elevated above others" is attested from c. 1600.
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choice (adj.)
"worthy to be chosen, distinguished, excellent," mid-14c., from choice (n.). Related: Choiceness.
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in-migration (n.)
1942, American English, in reference to movement within the same country (as distinguished from immigration), from in (prep.) + migration.
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illustrious (adj.)

1560s, "distinguished by greatness, renowned," from Latin illustris "lighted, bright, brilliant;" figuratively "distinguished, famous," probably a back-formation from illustrare "make light, light up, illuminate," figuratively "embellish, distinguish, make famous" (see illustration). Replaced illustre in same sense (mid-15c.), from French illustre.

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abolitionism (n.)
"belief in the principle of abolishing (something)," 1790, in a purely anti-slavery sense (distinguished from opposition to the slave trade); from abolition + -ism.
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distinguishable (adj.)

1590s, "capable of being distinguished from something else;" see distinguish + -able. Meaning "capable of being perceived" is from 1610s. Related: Distinguishably.

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blue-jacket (n.)
also bluejacket, "a sailor" (as distinguished from a marine), 1830, from blue (adj.1) + jacket (n.).
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stylist (n.)
1795 of writers distinguished for excellence or individuality of style; 1937 of hairdressers, from style (n.) + -ist.
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Iron Cross 
from German eiserne kreuz, instituted 1813 by Frederick Wilhelm III of Prussia, originally for distinguished military service in the wars against Napoleon.
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