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constituent (n.)

1620s, "one who appoints or elects a representative," from Latin constituentem (nominative constituens), present participle of constituere "to cause to stand, set up, fix, place, establish, set in order; form something new; resolve," of persons, "to appoint to an office," from assimilated form of com-, here perhaps an intensive prefix (see com-), + statuere "to set" (from PIE root *sta- "to stand, make or be firm").

The notion is "to make up or compose" a body by appointing or electing a representative. Meaning "voter in an election to a public office" is from 1714. Meaning "that which constitutes as a necessary part, a formative element" is from 1756.

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constituent (adj.)

"essential, characteristic, existing as a necessary component," 1660s, from Latin constituentem (nominative constituens), present participle of constituere "to cause to stand, set up, fix, place, establish, set in order," from assimilated form of com-, here perhaps an intensive prefix (see com-), + statuere "to set" (from PIE root *sta- "to stand, make or be firm").

Meaning "that appoints or elects a representative to a public office" is from 1769, from the political sense of the noun.

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constituency (n.)

"body of constituents," especially "a body of persons voting for an elective officer," 1806, from constituent + abstract noun suffix -cy.

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disintegration (n.)

"destruction of the cohesion of constituent parts," originally in geology, 1796, noun of action from disintegrate.

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decomposable (adj.)

"capable of being resolved into constituent elements," 1784; see decompose + -able. Related: Decomposability.

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cytoplasm (n.)

"protoplasm, organic substance forming the essential constituent of cells," 1870, from cyto- "cell" + -plasm. Related: Cytoplasmic.

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component (n.)

1640s, "constituent part or element" (earlier "one of a group of persons," 1560s), from Latin componentem (nominative componens), present participle of componere "to put together, to collect a whole from several parts," from com "with, together" (see com-) + ponere "to place" (see position (n.)). Related: Componential.

Meaning "mechanical part of a bicycle, automobile, etc." is from 1896. As an adjective, "constituent, entering into the composition of," from 1660s.

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casein (n.)
principal protein-constituent of milk, forming the basis of cheese, 1841, from French caséine, from Latin caseus "cheese" (see cheese (n.1)) + chemical suffix -ine (2).
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biolysis (n.)
1865, "the destruction of life," later more specifically "dissolution of a living organism, resolution of a dead organism into its constituent matter" (1880s); see bio- + -lysis. Related: Biolytic.
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everything (n.)

"all things, taken separately; any total or aggregate considered with reference to its constituent parts; each separate item or particular," late 14c., from every + thing. Colloquially, "something of extreme importance," by 1889.

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