Etymology
Advertisement
consequence (n.)

late 14c., "logical inference, conclusion," from Old French consequence "result" (13c., Modern French conséquence), from Latin consequentia, abstract noun from present-participle stem of consequi "to follow after," from assimilated form of com "with, together" (see con-) + sequi "to follow" (from PIE root *sekw- (1) "to follow").

Meaning "that which follows from or grows out of any act or course" is from c. 1400. Sense of "importance, significance" (1590s) is from notion of being "full of consequences."

Related entries & more 
Advertisement
consequent (n.)

"a thing which follows from a cause," 1610s, from a more precise sense in logic, "that which follows logically from a premise" (late 14c.; compare antecedent), a sense now in consequence. For etymology, see consequent (adj.). Mathematical sense is from 1560s.

Related entries & more 
consequences (n.)

see consequence. As the name of a round game, attested from 1796.

A game in which one player writes down an adjective, the second the name of a man, the third an adjective, the fourth the name of a woman, the fifth what he said, the sixth what she said, the seventh the consequence, etc., etc., no one seeing what the others have written. After all have written, the paper is read. [Century Dictionary]
Related entries & more 
inconsequent (adj.)
1570s, "not following as a logical conclusion," from Latin inconsequentem (nominative inconsequens) "not logically connected, not resulting from what has preceded," from in- "not, opposite of, without" (see in- (1)) + consequens, past participle of consequi "to follow" (see consequence). Related: Inconsequently.
Related entries & more 
*sekw- (1)

Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to follow."

It forms all or part of: associate; association; consequence; consequent; dissociate; ensue; execute; extrinsic; intrinsic; obsequious; persecute; persecution; prosecute; pursue; second (adj.) "next after first;" second (n.) "one-sixtieth of a minute;" sect; secundine; segue; sequacious; sequel; sequence; sequester; sociable; social; society; socio-; subsequent; sue; suit; suite; suitor; tocsin.

It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit sacate "accompanies, follows;" Avestan hacaiti, Greek hepesthai "to follow;" Latin sequi "to follow, come after," secundus "second, the following;" Lithuanian seku, sekti "to follow;" Old Irish sechim "I follow."

Related entries & more 
Advertisement
import (n.)
1580s, "consequence, importance;" 1680s, "that which is imported;" both from import (v.).
Related entries & more 
sequela (n.)
plural sequelae, 1793, originally in pathology, from Latin sequela "that which follows, consequence" (see sequel).
Related entries & more 
matter (v.)
"to be of importance or consequence," 1580s, from matter (n.). Related: Mattered; mattering.
Related entries & more 
non-entity (n.)

also nonentity, c. 1600, "something which does not exist, a figment," from non- + entity. Meaning "a person or thing of no consequence or importance" is attested from 1710.

Related entries & more 
resultant (adj.)

"existing or following as a consequence, resulting," 1630s, from resultant (adj.) and from Medieval Latin resultantem (nominative resultans), present participle of resultare "to result" (see result (v.)).

Related entries & more