Etymology
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capital letter (n.)

late 14c.; see capital (adj.). So called because it is at the "head" of a sentence or word.

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New Age (adj.)

1971, in reference to a modern spiritual movement, from new + age (n.). It had been used at various times at least since the 1840s.

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New Year's Eve 

"evening before the first day of the new year," c. 1300; "þer þay dronken & dalten ... on nwe gerez euen." The Julian calendar began on January 1, but the Christian Church frowned on pagan celebrations of this event and chose the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25) as its New Year's Day. The civic year in England continued to begin January 1 until late 12c., and even though legal documents then shifted to March 25, popular calendars and almanacs continued to begin on January 1. The calendar reform of 1751 restored the Julian New Year in England. New Year's was the main midwinter festival in Scotland from 17c., when Protestant authorities banned Christmas, and continued so after England reverted to Christmas, hence the Scottish flavor ("Auld Lang Syne," etc.). New Year's gathering in public places began 1878 in London, after new bells were installed in St. Paul's.

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Phnom Penh 

Cambodian capital, literally "mountain of plenty," from Cambodian phnom "mountain, hill" + penh "full."

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per capita 

1680s, Latin, "by the head, by heads," from per (see per) + capita "head" (see capital).

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de novo 

Latin, "anew, afresh," hence "from the beginning," from ablative of novus "new" (see new).

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bossa nova (n.)

Brazilian style of music, 1962, from Portuguese, literally "new tendency."

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nouvelle cuisine 

style of cooking emphasizing freshness and attractive presentation, 1975, French, literally "new cooking."

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Waldorf salad 

1911, from Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York, where it first was served.

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Rosh Hashanah (n.)

Jewish new year, 1846, from Hebrew rosh hashshanah, literally "head of the year," from rosh "head of" + hash-shanah "the year."

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