Etymology
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badly (adv.)

c. 1300, "unluckily;" late 14c., "wickedly, evilly; poorly, inadequately," from bad (adj.) + -ly (2). By 1814 as "incorrectly;" the meaning "very much" is by 1849, American English.

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misrule (v.)

late 14c., misreulen, "rule badly, govern unwisely or oppressively," also "conduct oneself badly, misbehave;" from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + rule (v.). Related: Misruled; misruling.

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misbefall (v.)

mid-13c., of events, "to turn out badly;" early 15c., of persons, "suffer harm, come to grief;" from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + befall. Related: Misbefell; misbefalling.

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maledictory (adj.)

"pertaining to or containing a curse," 1660s, from Latin maledictus, from maledicere "to speak badly or evil of, slander" (from male "badly;" see mal- + dicere "to say," from PIE root *deik- "to show," also "pronounce solemnly") + -ory.

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miscounsel (v.)

late 14c., miscounceilen, "counsel or advise falsely," from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + counsel (v.); or else from Old French mesconseillier "counsel badly," from mes- (see mis- (2)). Related: Miscounseled; miscounseling.

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misguide (v.)

late 14c., "to go astray, direct (oneself) badly," from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + guide (v.). Transitive sense of "to guide in the wrong direction, lead astray in action or thought" is attested by c. 1500. Related: Misguided; misguiding.

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misbecome (v.)

"suit ill, be unfitting," 1520s, from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + become.

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miseducate (v.)

"educate wrongly," 1790, from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + educate (v.). Related: Miseducated; miseducating.

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misuse (v.)

late 14c., misusen, "use or treat improperly;" from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + use (v.) and in part from Old French mesuser (Modern French méuser), from mis- (2). Meaning "abuse, treat badly, subject to ill-treatment" is attested from 1530s. Related: Misused; misusing; misusage.

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malnourished (adj.)

"suffering from insufficient nutrition," 1906, from mal- "bad, badly" + nourished (see nourish).

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