Etymology
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kingdom (n.)

Old English cyningdom; see king (n.) + -dom. Cognate with Old Saxon kuningdom, Middle Dutch koninghdom, Old Norse konungdomr. The usual Old English word was cynedom; Middle English also had kingrick (for second element, see the first element in Reichstag). Meaning "one of the realms of nature" is from 1690s.

Kingdom-come (n.) "the next world, the hereafter" (1785), originally slang, is from the Lord's Prayer, where it is an archaic simple present subjunctive ("may Thy kingdom come") in reference to the spiritual reign of God or Christ.

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Thailand 

from Thai, indigenous name of the inhabitants, + land (n.). Also see Siam.

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Chiang Mai 

city in northwest Thailand, founded in 1292; the name is Thai northern dialect chiang "town" + mai "new."

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ASEAN 

initialism (acronym) for Association of South-East Asian Nations, formed 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand; since expanded to 10 nations.

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Siam 

name of Thailand before 1939 and from 1945-48, from Thai sayam, from Sanskrit syama "dark," in reference to the skin color of the people relative to whomever gave the name.

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U.K. 

abbreviation of United Kingdom, attested from 1883.

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Artaxerxes 

Persian masc. proper name, in classical history a son of Xerxes II, also a son of Darius, from Greek Artaxerxes, from Old Persian Artaxšaca, literally "having a kingdom of justice," from arta- "justice" + xšaca "kingdom."

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faerie (n.)

supernatural kingdom, "Elfland," c. 1300, from Old French fairie; see fairy.

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Brexit (n.)

"withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union," 2012, from Britain + exit.

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