Etymology
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interpretation (n.)
mid-14c. "a translated text, a translation" (late 13c. in Anglo-French), from Old French interpretacion, entrepretatiun "explanation, translation" (12c.) and directly from Latin interpretationem (nominative interpretatio) "explanation, exposition," noun of action from past participle stem of interpretari "explain, expound; understand" (see interpret).

From late 14c. as "act or process of explaining or interpreting; an explanation; construction placed upon an action." Meaning "dramatic or musical representation" is from 1880.
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misinterpretation (n.)

"a wrong understanding or explanation," 1570s, from mis- (1) "bad, wrong" + interpretation.

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hermeneutics (n.)
"art of interpretation, the study of exegesis," 1737, from hermeneutic; also see -ics.
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biologism (n.)
"interpretation of human life from a strictly biological point of view," 1852; see biology + -ism. Related: Biologistic.
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misconstruction (n.)

"act of misconstruing, wrong interpretation," 1510s, from mis- (1) "bad, wrong" + construction. Compare misconstrue.

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Midrash (n.)

"exposition or interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures," 1610s, from Hebrew (Semitic) midhrash, from darash "tread, frequent, seek, search, apply oneself to."

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psychohistory (n.)

also psycho-history, "interpretation or analysis of historical events and people using psychological and psychoanalytic methods," 1934, from psycho- + history.

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literalism (n.)

"literal interpretation or understanding," 1640s, from French littéralisme; see literal + -ism. In art, "exact rendering or representation," shading toward "unimaginative exactness."

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oneirocritic (n.)

"a judge or interpreter of dreams," 1650s from Greek oneirokritikos "of or pertaining to the interpretation of dreams," from oneirokritēs "interpreter of dreams," from oneiros "a dream" (see oneiro-) + kritēs "discerner, judge" (see critic).

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conjecture (n.)

late 14c., "interpretation of signs, dreams, and omens," also "a supposing, a surmising," from Old French conjecture "surmise, guess," or directly from Latin coniectura "conclusion, interpretation, guess, inference," literally "a casting together (of facts, etc.)," from coniectus, past participle of conicere "to throw together," from assimilated form of com "together" (see con-) + iacere "to throw" (from PIE root *ye- "to throw, impel").

Sense of "an unverified supposition" is from 1520s; that of "act of forming of opinion without proof" is from 1530s.

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