"cross-fertilization, cross-breeding; act or process of hybridizing; state of being hybridized," 1824, noun of action from hybridize.
"reproduction without fertilization or sexual union," 1849, from Greek parthenos "a virgin," a word of unknown origin, + -genesis "birth, origin, creation." Related: Parthenogenetic.
in botany, "the supplying of pollen to a female organ; act of pollinating," especially "fertilization of plants by the agency of insects," 1872, from older French pollination, noun of action formed 1812 from pollin-, stem of Latin pollen (see pollen). Also pollenation. Replaced in Modern French by pollinisation.