Etymology
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discouraging (adj.)

"tending to dishearten," 1670s, present-participle adjective from discourage. Related: Discouragingly.

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discouragement (n.)

1560s, "state of being discouraged;" c. 1600, "act of discouraging;" 1610s, "that which discourages;" see discourage + -ment. Perhaps based on French descouragement (12c.).

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discourage (v.)

mid-15c., discoragen, "deprive of or cause to lose courage," from Old French descoragier "dishearten" (Modern French décourager), from des- "away" (see dis-) + coragier, from corage "spirit" (see courage). Meaning "express disapproval or opposition, dissuade or hinder from" is from 1640s. Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging.

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boycott 
1880, noun and verb, "to combine in refusing to have dealings with, and preventing or discouraging others from doing so, as punishment for political or other differences." From Irish Land League ostracism of Capt. Charles C. Boycott (1832-1897), land agent of Lough-Mask in County Mayo, who refused to lower rents for his tenant farmers. Quickly adopted by newspapers in languages as far afield as Japanese (boikotto). The family name is from a place in England. Related: Boycotted; boycotter; boycotting.
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