Etymology
Advertisement
bed (v.)
Old English beddian "to provide with a bed or lodgings," from bed (n.). From c. 1300 as "to go to bed," also "to copulate with, to go to bed with;" 1440 as "to lay out (land) in plots or beds." Related: Bedded; bedding.
Related entries & more 
Advertisement
bed (n.)

Old English bedd "bed, couch, resting place; garden plot," from Proto-Germanic *badja- "sleeping place dug in the ground" (source also of Old Frisian, Old Saxon bed, Middle Dutch bedde, Old Norse beðr, Old High German betti, German Bett, Gothic badi "bed"), sometimes said to be from PIE root *bhedh- "to dig, pierce" (source also of Hittite beda- "to pierce, prick," Greek bothyros "pit," Latin fossa "ditch," Lithuanian bedu, besti "to dig," Breton bez "grave"). But Boutkan doubts this and writes, "there is little reason to assume that the Gmc. peoples (still) lived under such primitive circumstances that they dug out their places to sleep."

Both the sleeping and gardening senses are found in Old English; the specific application to planting is found also in Middle High German and is the only sense of Danish bed. Meaning "bottom of a lake, sea, or watercourse" is from 1580s. Geological sense of "a thick layer, stratum" is from 1680s.

Bed and board "in bed and at the table" (early 13c.) was a term in old law applied to conjugal duties of man and wife; it also could mean "meals and lodging, room and board" (mid-15c.). Bed-and-breakfast in reference to overnight accommodations is from 1838; as a noun, in reference to a place offering such, by 1967.

Related entries & more 
feather-bed (n.)
Old English feþerbedd; see feather (n.) + bed (n.).
Related entries & more 
bed-wetting (n.)
"involuntary urination while sleeping," 1844, from bed (n.) + present participle of wet (v.). Related: Bed-wetter.
Related entries & more 
Advertisement
bed-board (n.)
also bedboard, "head- or foot-board of a bed," early 15c., from bed (n.) + board (n.1).
Related entries & more 
death-bed (n.)

also deathbed, Old English, "the grave," from death (n.) + bed (n.). Meaning "bed on which someone dies" is from c. 1300.

Related entries & more 
slug-a-bed (n.)
also slugabed, 1590s, with bed (n.) + obsolete verb slug "be lazy, intert" (early 15c.), which is perhaps from Scandinavian (see sluggard).
Related entries & more 
bed-swerver (n.)
"one false or unfaithful to a marriage bed," 1610s, from bed (n.) + agent noun from swerve (v.).
Related entries & more 
seed-bed (n.)

"piece of ground prepared for receiving seed," 1650s, from seed (n.) + bed (n.) "garden plot." Figurative use is by 1826.

Related entries & more