Etymology
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militarist (n.)
c. 1600, "a soldier," from military + -ist. As "one devoted to militarism" from 1884.
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counterinsurgency (n.)

"military or other action taken to oppose a revolution or revolt," 1962, from counter- + insurgency.

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on-site (adj.)
also onsite, 1959, from on + site. Originally in reference to Cold War military inspections.
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hooya (interj.)

exclamation of triumph or approval, attested from c. 1992, perhaps originally U.S. military.

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firepower (n.)
also fire-power "effectiveness of military fire," 1891, from fire (n.) + power (n.).
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non-com 

also noncom, by 1817, short for non-commissioned(officer).

The "non-coms" — non-commissioned, meaning, not non compos; though evil-minded high privates declare it might well mean that — have assigned to them an upper cabin, with staterooms, over the quarters of the officers, in the after-part of the ship. [James K. Hosmer, "The Color-Guard," Boston, 1864]
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park (v.)

1812, "to arrange military vehicles in a park," from park (n.) in a limited sense of "enclosure for guns, wagons, horses, provisions, etc." (attested from 1680s). General non-military meaning "to put (a vehicle) in a certain place" is first recorded 1844. Related: Parked; parking. Park-and-ride is from 1966.

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selective (adj.)

"of, pertaining to, or characterized by selection;" hence "using that which is choice," 1620s; see select (adj.) + -ive. Related: Selectively; selectivity; selectiveness. Selective service as a military drafting system is from 1917, American English; hence selectee "person chosen for military duty" (by 1940).

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thegn (n.)
"military tenant of an Anglo-Saxon king," 1848, a modern revival of an Old English form; see thane.
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salient (n.)

"a salient angle or part, a projection," especially as part of a military work, 1828, from salient (adj.).

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