Etymology
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Nanking 

city in China, literally "southern capital," from Chinese nan "south" + jing "capital."

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Lhasa 

capital of Tibet, Tibetan, literally "city of the gods," from lha "god" + sa "city." The Lhasa apso type of dog is so called from 1935 in English, from Tibetan, literally "Lhasa terrier." Earlier name in English was Lhasa terrier (1894).

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Nagasaki 

Japanese city, named for its situation, from naga "long" + saki "headland, promontory."

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latakia (n.)

type of fine Turkish tobacco, 1833, from Latakia, city in Syria (see Laodicean).

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Chernobyl 

city in Ukraine (Ukrainian Chornobyl), from Russian chernobylnik "mugwort." Site of 1986 nuclear disaster.

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bialy (n.)

bagel with onion flakes sprinkled on it, by 1936, ultimately short for Białystok, city in modern Poland. The city is named for the Biała river (literally White River), that flows past it, from Polish biały "white" + stok "slope."

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Cairo 

city in Egypt, from Arabic al-Kahira "the strong," the name given 973 C.E. to the new city built north of the old one, which was Egyptian khere-ohe, said to mean "place of combat" and to be in reference to a battle between the gods Seth and Horus that took place here. Related: Cairene.

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ab urbe condita 

with year-dates, an occasional Roman method of identifying a given year by reference to the time passed since founding of the city, which in 1c. B.C.E. was calculated to have taken place in what we would call 753 B.C.E. Literally "from the city founded;" the elements are ab "from" (see ab-) + ablative of urbs "city" (see urban) + fem. past participle of condere "put together, store," from assimilated form of com- "together" (see com-) + -dere "put" (from PIE root *dhe- "to put, place").

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seaport (n.)

"a harbor on the sea; a city or town on such a harbor," 1590s, from sea + port (n.1).

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Sens 

city in north-central France, Roman Senones, the capital of the Gaulish people of the same name.

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