Etymology
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blueing (n.)

"substance which makes (something) blue," 1660s, verbal noun from blue (v.).

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material (n.)

late 14c., "component substance, matter from which a thing is made," from material (adj.).

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retardant (adj.)

"tending to hinder," 1640s, from retard (v.) + -ant or from Latin retardantem (nominative retardans), present participle of retardare. From 1867 as a noun, "retardant substance, substance that inhibits some phenomenon or process."

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germicide (n.)

"substance capable of killing germs, 1881, from germ + -cide "killer." Related: Germicidal.

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sealant (n.)

"substance designed to seal a surface or container," 1945, from seal (v.) + -ant.

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antitoxin (n.)

"substance neutralizing poisons," 1892; see anti- "against" + toxin. Coined in 1890 by German bacteriologist Emil von Behring (1854-1917). Antitoxic "substance which counteracts a poison" is from 1860 in English.

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glitz (n.)

"showiness without substance," 1977, a back-formation from glitzy.

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substantive (n.)

in grammatical use, late 14c., short for noun substantive, from Late Latin substantivium, neuter of substantivus "of substance or being" (see substantive (adj.)). Latin nomen substantivum was "name or word of substance."

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detergent (n.)

"detergent substance," 1670s, from detergent (adj.). Originally a medical term; application to "chemical cleansing product" is by 1932.

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nauseant (n.)

"substance which produces nausea," 1834, from Latin nauseant-, present-participle stem of nauseare (see nauseate (v.)).

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