Etymology
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neuroscience (n.)

"scientific study of the nervous system," 1963, from neuro- + science.

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neurology (n.)

"scientific study of the form and function of the nervous system," 1680s, from Modern Latin neurologia, from Modern Greek neurologia (1660s), from neuro- "nerves, the nervous system" (see neuro-) + -logia "study" (see -logy). Related: Neurological (1755).

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Romany (n.)

"a Gypsy; the Gypsy language," 1812, romani, fem. of romano (adj.) "Gypsy," from rom, the Romany word for "man, husband, male, Gypsy" (plural roma), from Sanskrit domba-s ("with initial cerebral d, which confuses with r" [Klein]) "male member of a low caste of musicians."

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boot (v.2)

1975, transitive, "start up (a computer) by causing an operating system to load in the memory," from bootstrap (v.), a 1958 derived verb from bootstrap (n.) in the sense of "fixed sequence of instructions to load the operating system of a computer" (1953).

This is from the notion of the first-loaded program pulling itself (and the rest) up by the bootstrap. The intransitive use, of a computer operating system, is from 1983. Related: Booted; booting.

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Peking 

former transliteration of the name of the Chinese capital city, now (in the pinyin system) called Beijing. In the Wade-Giles system it was Peiping; the form Peking pre-dates Wade-Giles and was formed by the old British-run, Hong Kong-based Chinese postal system. Peking duck, "large domestic duck of white plumage and orange beak and legs," is attested from 1880.

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matey (n.)

1822, diminutive of mate (n.) in its "male friend" sense. With -y (3).

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well-hung (adj.)

1610s, in male genital sense, from well (adv.) + hung (adj.).

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protectionism (n.)

"doctrine or system of protection in political economy," 1846, from protectionist + -ism.

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Sikhism (n.)

"tenets, practices, and religious system of the Sikhs," 1849, from Sikh + -ism.

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componentry (n.)

"component parts of a device or system," 1956, from component + -ry.

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