"pertaining to or consisting of runes," 1660s, from Modern Latin runicus, from Old Norse run (see rune). It also was sometimes used as a general word for the art and decorative styles of early Northern Europe.
common small freshwater fish of northern Europe, late 12c., from Old French roche (13c.), a name of uncertain origin, perhaps from a Germanic source (compare Middle Dutch roch, Low German ruche). Applied later to fish in North America that resemble it.
"the sea between southern Europe and northern Africa," 1590s, earlier Mediterranie (c. 1400), from Late Latin Mediterraneum mare "Mediterranean Sea" (7c.), from Latin mediterraneus "midland, surrounded by land, in the midst of an expanse of land" (but in reference to the body of water between Europe and African the sense probably was "the sea in the middle of the earth"); from medius "middle" (from PIE root *medhyo- "middle") + terra "land, earth" (from PIE root *ters- "to dry").
The Old English name was Wendel-sæ, so called for the Vandals, Germanic tribe that settled on the southwest coast of it after the fall of Rome. The noun meaning "a person of Mediterranean race" is by 1888.
one of a genus of bulbous plants native to southern Europe and western Asia, 1550s, from Medieval Latin cyclamen, from Latin cyclaminos, from Greek kyklaminos, also kyklamis, from kyklos "circle" (from PIE root *kwel- (1) "revolve, move round"). So called apparently in reference to the bulbous shape of the root.