name of a club founded by Whig politicians in London (Addison and Steele were members), 1703; so called from Christopher ("Kit") Catling, or a name similar to it, a tavernkeeper or pastry cook in London, in whose property the club first met. Hence "a size of portrait less than half length in which a hand may be shown" (1754), supposedly is because the dining room in which portraits of club members hung was too low for half-length portraits.
"pertaining to the head," early 15c., from Latin cephalicus, from Greek kephalikos "pertaining to the head," from kephalē "head" (see cephalo-).
"small, narrow-headed iron golf club," used to get the ball out of ruts or other bad places, 1857, of obscure origin.
1819, from French tabagie (17c.), from tabac "tobacco" (see tobacco) + -age. A group of smokers who meet in club fashion; a "tobacco-parliament." In German, a Rauchkneipe.
"leader of a Mafia 'family,' " 1952, Italian, literally "head," from Latin caput "head" (from PIE root *kaput- "head").
"head of a column or pillar," late 13c., from Anglo-French capitel, Old French chapitel (Modern French chapiteau), or directly from Latin capitellum "head of a column or pillar," literally "little head," diminutive of caput "head" (from PIE root *kaput- "head").
"forepart of the head, upper front part of the dome of the skull," 1570s, from Latin sinciput "head, brain," etymologically "half a head" (also used for "one of the smoked cheeks of a pig"); from semi- "half" (see semi-) + caput "head" (from PIE root *kaput- "head"). Opposed to the occiput "back of the head" (see occipital). Related: Sincipital.
"head-shaped" (in botany, etc.), 1660s, from Latin capitatus "headed," from caput "head" (from PIE root *kaput- "head").